7 Aspects of Active Aging

September 13, 2013

Written by Scott Miller

The concept of active aging is a fairly new one throughout many cultures. Typically old age was seen as a time to take it easy and relax after years of hard work. Older adults were encouraged to take up more sedentary hobbies such as sewing, model building, or card and board games. It was a rare sight to see an all senior exercise class, or 70 year old woman going for a jog or bike ride. Studies showed that having a sedentary lifestyle after retirement was actually causing a rise in health problems during old age and that maintaining an active lifestyle throughout all stages of life was essential. In 2001, the International Council on Active Aging was created with the mission of “changing society’s perceptions of aging and improving the quality of life for aging Baby Boomers and older adults within the seven dimensions of wellness (emotional, vocational, physical, spiritual, intellectual, social, environmental)”. They posed that active aging is not only keeping physically active and healthy; it is improving upon all seven areas of wellness.


This area of wellness deals with self-understanding and acceptance. Being aware of feelings of stress, sadness, anger or happiness and expressing these feelings in a positive manner leads to good emotional health. Sharing ones feelings can help relieve stress and can aid in coping with the challenges that life brings.

  • Arrive at personal choices or decisions based upon feelings, thoughts, philosophies, and behavior.
  • Live and work independently while realizing the importance of seeking assistance from others.
  • Take on challenges, take risks, and recognize conflict as being potentially healthy.
  • Manage your life in personally rewarding ways, and take responsibility for your actions.


This area of wellness deals with finding a career that gives you a personal feeling of fulfillment. Finding a job that you enjoy and one can contribute to and feel like you are making a positive impact on the organization. With retirees, volunteering can be a great way to improve vocational wellness.

  • Find a job that you enjoy going to everyday.
  • Make adjustments so that you have a manageable workload.
  • Create a feeling of trust between yourself and your boss and your coworkers. You should feel like you are able to talk to them about any arising problems and they, in turn, should feel as though they can count on you.


This area of wellness deals with recognizing that certain behaviors can either strengthen or weaken our bodies. After recognizing the consequences of these behaviors we must actively try to take part in the positive behaviors while avoiding the destructive behaviors.

  • Keep up to date on physical exams
  • Know your numbers; cholesterol, weight, blood sugar, and blood pressure.
  • Refrain from destructive activities such as smoking.
  • Keep your diet in check; avoid sugars and fats and try to incorporate healthier foods into your meals.
  • Establish an exercise routine… and stick with it!


This area of wellness deals with developing congruency between our values and our actions. One must acknowledge a common purpose that binds all of creation together in order to obtain peace and harmony in their life.

  • Take time for yourself each day to relax, pray, or meditate.
  • Make sure your decisions and actions are guided by your values.
  • Make choices that provide purpose, meaning and a sense of well-being.
  • Be accepting of other people’s point of view on topics.


This area of wellness deals with the ability to open our minds to new ideas and experiences. This is the desire to learn new concepts or skills, improve old skills, and seek challenges in pursuit of a lifetime of learning.

  • Make time for mental exercises such as word or math puzzles.
  • Pick a topic you are interested in and learn more about it through reading or watching a video.
  • Exercise your creativity through writing and art.


This area of wellness deals with creating and maintaining positive relationships with family, friends and co-workers. Being able to connect with and relate to other people in our communities aides in social wellness.

  • Schedule time for visiting with friends and family.
  • Explore diversity by interacting with people with a different culture, background or belief.
  • Find ways to contribute to the good of the community instead of thinking solely of yourself.


This area of wellness is our acknowledgement of our own responsibility in improving the quality of the air, water and land that surround us. The ability to make choices that have a positive impact upon the environment contributes to environmental wellness.

  • Evaluate your daily habits and activities and their impact on the environment.
  • Engage in environmentally responsible activities such as recycling.
  • Enjoy nature by taking advantage of available recreation opportunities in your community.

This year Active Aging Week will take place on September 22nd-28th. Garden Spot Village will be celebrating through a 3 day Activity Fair which highlights all of the different activities and clubs that residents can get involved in to keep themselves active. Other activities that correspond to the seven areas of wellness will also take place. For more information about Active Aging Week visit the International Council on Active Aging’s website at http://www.icaa.cc/.

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